Diabetes chart

How to recognise diabetes hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar)

How to recognise diabetes hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar)

Steve Richardson

February 2019

How to recognise diabetes hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar)

How to recognise diabetes hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar)

Diabetes results in an imbalance of the levels of sugar in the blood. Commonly we see hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar levels) and occasionally we may see hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar levels). Non-diabetics can also experience low blood sugar levels in certain circumstances.

There is a great deal of information about Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and the general management of the illness, it can be viewed on-line, and produced / managed by the NHS. However in first aid terms we are focused on dealing with an immediate event or incident, not with long term illness management.

Common Signs of Hypo- and Hyper – glycemia

The table below show the common signs of sugar high and lows and talks about how to manage these casualties.

Diabetes chart

Understand Your Casualty’s Illness Before They Need Your Help

If you have a duty of care for a person who suffers from diabetes (or any illness for that matter), one of the best pieces of advice is to have an honest but private conversation with the person about their illness. Find out how they manage their illness and what they would like you to do, should they fall ill.  Find out what their usual signs and symptoms are, what their recovery looks like, and of course where they carry their medication.  In this way, you will be much better prepared should you find yourself dealing with a diabetic incident.

If you want to know more why not book onto one of our First Aid Courses.

 

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Written by Steve Richardson for First Aid Training North East Ltd

 

We strongly advised that you attend a Practical First Aid course to understand what to do in a medical emergency. Please visit https://firstaidtrainingnortheastltd.co.uk/contact for more information about our courses. First Aid North East Ltd provides this information for guidance and it is not in any way a substitute for medical advice. First Aid North East Ltd is not responsible or liable for any diagnosis made, or actions taken based on this information.

First Aid Following an Accident

First Aid Following an Accident

Danger

  • Be aware of your surroundings and do not put yourself at risk.
  • Others will be unaware something has happened and are likely to be approaching at speed.
  • Check it is safe before starting to help
  • Secure the accident area
  • If necessary, position someone to warn people about the accident.
  • Get help, emergency numbers are 999 or 112.
  • Always start the day with a fully charged phone.

Response:

  • are they conscious?
  • If so, check if they need your help, before approaching.

If there is no response.

  • Airway – tilt their head and lift their chin and check for obvious obstruction.
  • Breathing – check for breathing.
  • If they are breathing, very carefully put them in the recovery position. .

If they are not breathing – then start CPR.

  • If they are conscious and having excluded first aid for life-threatening injuries – first aid for other injuries.
  • Circulation – cover any wounds and apply direct firm pressure to stop them bleeding.
    Ideally have a foil blanket with you as part of your first aid kit.
  • Please note that hypothermia makes it more difficult for blood to clot, conserve their body heat and insulate them from the cold.
  • Do not re position limbs you think could be broken, unless there is immediate concern about the circulation to the lower part of the limb.
  • If you are in a remote area and there may be a delay getting help.
  • If there is a lack of sensation to the casualty’s extremities or change in colour, you may need to reposition the injured limb to a neutral position to restore circulation.
  • Keep the casualty safe and warm.
  • Do not give them anything to eat or drink, especially alcohol.
  • Do not move them (unless it is absolutely necessary).
  • Alert the rescue services
  • Calling 112 will contact the emergency services when you are abroad.

Let the rescue services know:

  • location of the accident
  • number of people injured
  • type of injury

If you want to know more why not book onto one of our First Aid Courses.

 

Written by Steve Richardson for First Aid Training North East Ltd

We strongly advised that you attend a Practical First Aid course to understand what to do in a medical emergency. Please visit https://firstaidtrainingnortheastltd.co.uk/contact for more information about our courses. First Aid North East Ltd provides this information for guidance and it is not in any way a substitute for medical advice. First Aid North East Ltd is not responsible or liable for any diagnosis made, or actions taken based on this information.

Applying Plasters

Applying Plasters.

In first aid you may deal with a lot of smaller injuries, for example splinters that can be removed using tweezers, or small cuts or blisters that need a plaster.

Even with small injuries, you should protect yourself and the patient by wearing gloves.

Plasters come in a variety of types and sizes and some are specially made for certain industries, for example catering plasters are blue and waterproof. Plasters are used to protect the wound from infection or further injury.

Some workplaces have plaster dispensers or special plaster boxes, all first aid kits come with a selection of plasters.

Plasters are individually wrapped and are different shapes and sizes.

After applying a plaster, check to make sure that any bleeding has stopped, if not you may need to consider using a different dressing.

Written by Steve Richardson for First Aid Training North East Ltd

We strongly advised that you attend a Practical First Aid course to understand what to do in a medical emergency. Please visit https://firstaidtrainingnortheastltd.co.uk for more information about our courses. First Aid North East Ltd provides this information for guidance and it is not in any way a substitute for medical advice. First Aid North East Ltd is not responsible or liable for any diagnosis made, or actions taken based on this information.

Falls and the elderly – looking at prevention and how to help following a fall.

Falls and the elderly – looking at prevention and how to help following a fall.

Here in the UK there are more than 500,000 people aged over 65 who attend accident and emergency departments as the result of accidents at home every year – statistics show that the majority of these being from a fall.
It is recorded that over 3,500 people in England and Wales unfortunately die every year following a fall and nearly 300,000 people will need hospital treatment. It is known that many older people who suffer from falls may never fully recover from either the physical or indeed the psychological impact of their injuries. It is a very sad fact that falls are the most common cause of injury related deaths in people over the age of 75.
It is also known that the fall itself often doesn’t cause a serious injury; if the faller is unable to get themselves back up following their fall, they are statistically more likely to suffer from things such as hypothermia and pressure sores.