How to recognise diabetes hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar)

How to recognise diabetes hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar)

Steve Richardson

February 2019

How to recognise diabetes hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar)

How to recognise diabetes hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar)

Diabetes results in an imbalance of the levels of sugar in the blood. Commonly we see hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar levels) and occasionally we may see hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar levels). Non-diabetics can also experience low blood sugar levels in certain circumstances.

There is a great deal of information about Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and the general management of the illness, it can be viewed on-line, and produced / managed by the NHS. However in first aid terms we are focused on dealing with an immediate event or incident, not with long term illness management.

Common Signs of Hypo- and Hyper – glycemia

The table below show the common signs of sugar high and lows and talks about how to manage these casualties.

Diabetes chart

Understand Your Casualty’s Illness Before They Need Your Help

If you have a duty of care for a person who suffers from diabetes (or any illness for that matter), one of the best pieces of advice is to have an honest but private conversation with the person about their illness. Find out how they manage their illness and what they would like you to do, should they fall ill.  Find out what their usual signs and symptoms are, what their recovery looks like, and of course where they carry their medication.  In this way, you will be much better prepared should you find yourself dealing with a diabetic incident.

If you want to know more why not book onto one of our First Aid Courses.

 

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Written by Steve Richardson for First Aid Training North East Ltd

 

We strongly advised that you attend a Practical First Aid course to understand what to do in a medical emergency. Please visit https://firstaidtrainingnortheastltd.co.uk/contact for more information about our courses. First Aid North East Ltd provides this information for guidance and it is not in any way a substitute for medical advice. First Aid North East Ltd is not responsible or liable for any diagnosis made, or actions taken based on this information.

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